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Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. Approximately 1 percent of the population develops schizophrenia during their lifetime ? more than 2 million Americans suffer from the illness in a given year. Although schizophrenia affects men and women with equal frequency, the disorder often appears earlier in men, usually in the late teens or early twenties, than in women, who are generally affected in the twenties to early thirties. People with schizophrenia often suffer terrifying symptoms such as hearing internal voices not heard by others, or believing that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. These symptoms may leave them fearful and withdrawn. Their speech and behavior can be so disorganized that they may be incomprehensible or frightening to others. Available treatments can relieve many symptoms, but most people with schizophrenia continue to suffer some symptoms throughout their lives; it has been estimated that no more than one in five individuals recovers completely. Take Action If You Want To Fully Cure Your Anxiety And Panic Attacks Once And For All Schizophrenia may have a variety of symptoms. Usually the illness develops slowly over months or years. Like other chronic illnesses, schizophrenia cycles between periods of fewer symptoms and periods of more symptoms. At first, you may feel tense, or have trouble sleeping or concentrating. You can become isolated and withdrawn, and have trouble making or keeping friends. As the illness continues, psychotic symptoms develop: -Appearance or mood that shows no emotion (flat affect) -Bizarre movements that show less of a reaction to the environment (catatonic behavior) -False beliefs or thoughts that are not based in reality (delusions) -Hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations) -Problems with thinking often occur: -Problems paying attention -Thoughts "jump" between unrelated topics (disordered thinking) Symptoms can be different depending on the type of schizophrenia: Paranoid types often feel anxious, are more often angry or argumentative, and falsely believe that others are trying to harm them or their loved ones. Disorganized types have problems thinking and expressing their ideas clearly, often exhibit childlike behavior, and frequently show little emotion. Catatonic types may be in a constant state of unrest, or they may not move or be underactive. Their muscles and posture may be rigid. They may grimace or have other odd facial expressions, and they may be less responsive to others. Undifferentiated types may have symptoms of more than one other type of schizophrenia. Residual types experience some symptoms, but not as many as those who are in a full-blown episode of schizophrenia. People with any type of schizophrenia may have difficulty keeping friends and working. They may also have problems with anxiety, depression, and suicidal thoughts or behaviors. A psychiatrist should perform an evaluation to make the diagnosis. The diagnosis is made based on a thorough interview of the person and family members. No medical tests for schizophrenia exist. The following factors may suggest a schizophrenia diagnosis, but do not confirm it: Course of illness and how long symptoms have lasted Changes from level of function before illness Developmental background Genetic and family history Response to medication CT scans of the head and other imaging techniques may find some changes that occur with schizophrenia and may rule out other disorders Because the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, treatments focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease. The overall treatment goal for schizophrenia is to minimize symptoms so that people with the disorder can live as functional, independent, and productive lives as possible. There is no cure for schizophrenia, but consistent ongoing compliance with a multifaceted treatment program can often effectively control symptoms and prevent relapses of acute episodes of symptoms. To be most effective, treatment may need to be life-long. Skip Straight To The Panic Anxiety Cure Here are some types of therapy that may help you. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps you change the way you think about things. It can help you understand why it’s important to prevent a relapse and take steps to do so. CBT may help reduce delusions and hallucinations. Counseling helps you improve your relationships, deal with your symptoms, and meet your goals. It often focuses on the problems and plans of everyday life. Individual psychotherapy: This involves regular sessions between just the patient and a therapist focused on past or current problems, thoughts, feelings, or relationships. Thus, via contact with a trained professional, people with schizophrenia become able to understand more about the illness, to learn about themselves and to better handle the problems of their daily lives. They become better able to differentiate between what is real and, by contrast, what is not and can acquire beneficial problem-solving skills. Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation may include job and vocational counseling, problem solving, social skills training, and education in money management. Thus, patients learn skills required for successful reintegration into their community following discharge from the hospital. Family education: Research has consistently shown that people with schizophrenia who have involved families fare better than those who battle the condition alone. Insofar as possible, all family members should be involved in the care of your loved one. Self-help groups: Outside support for family members of those with schizophrenia is necessary and desirable. The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) is an in-depth resource. This outreach organization offers information on all treatments for schizophrenia including home care. Community care and outreach programs are very helpful in avoiding relapse, non-compliance, legal problems, and repeat hospitalizations. Fortunately, there is a very simple, natural and completely safe way you can use to get rid of this disorder once and for all, without putting your health at risk. find out 相关的主题文章: